The Houbara bustard (Class Aves) belongs to the larger bustard family.


The bustard family can be grouped under 11 genera or genus. These genera comprise 26 species and up to 39 subspecies.

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The body of the Houbara bustard is pale sandy-buff in colour with darker brown lines and mottling, while the underside is white. The colours help it to blend with the sand and desert grass. The two-main subspecies of the Houbara species...

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It spends most of its time on the ground foraging for food. It is omnivorous and opportunistic; its diet consists of plants, seeds, insects, spiders, small rodents and lizards. Adaption to its arid habitat enables the Houbara to obtain enough of its fluid from food and it seldom needs to drink water...

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Houbara spends most of their time on the ground looking for food. Its food system is varied and includes; plants, insects, invertebrates, rodents and small vertebrates. Due to its adaptation to the dry natural environment in which it lives, the Houbara can get the water it needs from the plants and it rarely needs to drink water...

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Currently, both the North African Houbara bustard and the Asian Houbara bustard species are classified as ‘Vulnerable’ in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This means that the species faces threats, but with concerted efforts, could be saved.

The major threats to the Houbara are:

Unregulated Hunting


Habitat loss and degradation